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The Years Before 1932

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The Years Before 1932



1879

Amherst College senior Henry Clay Folger attends a lecture by Ralph Waldo Emerson on "superlative or mental temperance." Inspired, Folger reads several of Emerson's other works, including an 1864 speech on Shakespeare that shapes Folger's life as a devotee of the Bard and collector of Shakespeareana.

 

1885

Henry Folger and Emily Jordan marry.

 

1896

Emily Folger earns a master's degree from Vassar College. Her thesis title is "The True Text of Shakespeare."

 

1914

Henry Folger is awarded an honorary doctorate by Amherst College in recognition of the Folgers' growing Shakespeare collection.

 

1919–27

Through an agent, Henry Folger assembles a parcel of land in the 200 block of East Capitol Street, SE, for a library to house the collection acquired by the Folgers over several decades.

 

1928

Henry Folger retires from his position as chairman of the board, Standard Oil of New York.

 

1929

Paul Philippe Cret of Philadelphia selected as architect; Cret subsequently recommends New York sculptor John Gregory to create bas-reliefs for the library’s facade.

 

Construction of the library begins.

 

1930

Henry Folger dies at age 72 on June 11, 1930.

 

Henry Folger’s will reported in the New York Times , including his plan for the library. The will designates the trustees of Amherst College as the library's administrators.

 

1931

After Henry Folger's estate proves much smaller than expected because of the 1929 stock market crash, Emily Folger provides more than $3 million in securities and other gifts; she supplies additional funds a year later.

 

William A. Slade, formerly of the Library of Congress, becomes librarian and director; shares responsibilities with Joseph Quincy Adams of Cornell University, who becomes the director of research.

 

First books arrive at the library from warehouse storage.

 
Henry Clay Folger's ticket to a lecture by Emerson, 1879



Henry Clay Folger, Jr. Photograph, 1910



William Shakespeare. The Handy-Volume Shakspeare. New York, George Routledge and Sons, [n.d.].



Shakespeare. Plays. 1623. London, 1623



Emily Jordan Folger in the Founders' Room. Photograph, early 1930s





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