The Festive Renaissance:
Illustrated Books from the Colt Collection

October 26, 1995, through March 14, 1996

Among the Folger's immense holdings of early illustrated books, few are as spectacular as those which commemorate the great events of the noble and royal life cycle--births, weddings, coronations, royal entries, and funerals. Drawing exclusively upon the magnificent volumes given to the Library since 1975 by Mrs. H. Dunscombe Colt, this exhibition provided an overview of early modern ceremonies, festivities, and processions, both English and continental, and offered striking panoramas of popular as well as aristocratic urban life in pre-Revolutionary Europe.

A masque of nations was staged as part of the festivities celebrating the baptism of Friedrich, duke of Württemberg and Teck. It featured four papier-mâché heads, representing North, South, East, and West, from which emerged dancers symbolizing various nations. [From, Esais van Hulsen, Repraesaentatio der Furstlichen aufzug und ritterspil. So ...Johan Friderich Herzog zu Württemberg... bey Ihr. F. G. Neüwgebornen Sohn. Stuttgart, 1616]

Festival books preserve an invaluable record--albeit not always a completely reliable one--of extravagant public spectacles. While such books were devoted to the activities of a social elite, they offer many insights into the social history of broader urban populations. Their illustrations, many of which are significant works of art, give knowing evidence of the urban poor, the beggar at the gates, the hungry spectator at the margins of the feast, the menial workers who made it all happen.

The Festive Renaissance offered the viewer thirty-nine rare and beautiful examples of the bookmaker's art. Royal marriages, births and baptisms, tournaments, pageants, state visits, inaugurations, and funerals, and the festivities celebrating them, were commemorated in volumes printed between 1549 and 1768. Given the centrality of these events to the public life of early modern societies, it is obvious why historians and cultural anthropologists find such material of absorbing interest.

The entry of Henry II into Paris in June 1549 prompted designs for festivities by the most celebrated artists, architects, and sculptors of the French Renaissance, including Jean Goujon and Philbert de l'Orme. [From, C'est l'Ordre qui a Este Tenu a la Nouvelle et Joyeuse Entree, que Treshault, Tresexcellent, & Trespuissant Prince, le Roy... Henry Deuxiesme... a Faicte en sa Bonne Ville & Cité de Paris. Paris: Jean Dallier, 1549]

For the duc d'Anjou's entry into Antwerp, on February 19, 1582, the city commissioned Peter Leys and Vredeman de Vries to act as artistic directors. Abraham de Bruyn and Philippe Galle recorded the event in twenty-one etchings. On this large float, a sea monster labeled "Tyranny" is restrained by the nymph "Concorde" with the chains of law and reason. [From, La joyeuse & Magnifique Entrée de Monseigneur Françoys, Fils de France, et Frere Unicquue du Roy... Duc de Brabant, d'Anjou, Alençon...&c. en..Anvers. Antwerp: Christophe Plantin, 1582]