Syllabus

 

The Textures of Experience

Visiting Faculty: John Sutton, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Macquarie University, Australia

Monday:
Aristotle. Selected works from Parva Naturalia. The Complete Works of Aristotle: the Revised Oxford Translation. Edited by Jonathan Barnes. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.
Essential reading: Vol. 1: On Memory, pp. 714-720; On Sleep, pp. 721-8; On Dreams, pp. 729-735; On Divination in Sleep, pp. 736-9.
Recommended reading: Vol. 1: Sense and Sensibilia, pp. 693-713.

Tuesday:
Aristotle. De Anima. The Complete Works of Aristotle: the Revised Oxford Translation. Edited by Jonathan Barnes. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.
Vol. 1: pp. 641-92. Read especially Book One, chapters 1 and 5; Book Two, chapters 1-5 and 12; and Book Three, chapters 3-5.

Descartes, René. Treatise of Man (L'homme). Translation and commentary by Thomas Steele Hall. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972.
Read especially pp. 1-5, 17-22, 33-40, 71-91, 96, and 108-113.

Reiss, Timothy. "Denying the Body? Memory and the Dilemmas of History in Descartes," Journal of the History of Ideas 57 (1996): 587-607.

Sutton, John. Philosophy and Memory Traces: Descartes to Connectionism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
See especially pp. 31-49.

Sutton, John. "The Body and the Brain." Descartes' Natural Philosophy. Edited by Stephen Gaukroger, John Schuster, and John Sutton. London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 697-722.

Wednesday:
Ficino, Marsilio. Three Books on Life. Edited and translated by Carol V. Kaske and John R. Clark. Binghamton, NY: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1989.
Read Book I, chapters 1-6; Book III, especially chapters 1-6, 13, 20-21, 25-26.

Pomponazzi, Pietro. De Immortalitate Animae. Trans. W. Hay, in E. Cassirer, P. Kristeller, and J. Randall (eds.), The Renaissance Philosophy of Man. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1948.
Read pp. 280-284.

Agrippa, H. C. Three Books of Occult Philosophy or Magic, by the famous mystic Henry Cornelius Agrippa - Book One - Natural Magic. Willis F. Whitehead (ed.), Chicago: Hahn and Whitehead, 1898. Read Chapters 9-14, pp. 58-73.

Digby, Kenelm. Two Treatises . . . New York and London: Garland reprints, 1977.
Read Book I, chapters 18, 32-33, 35-38.

Sutton, John. "Body, Mind, and Order: local memory and the control of mental representations in medieval and Renaissance sciences of self." 1543 And All That: Word and Image in the Proto-Scientific Revolution. Edited by Guy Freeland and Anthony Corones. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2000, pp. 117-150.

Sutton, John. Philosophy and Memory Traces: Descartes to Connectionism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Read especially pp. 117-148.

Thursday:
Paracelsus. "Seven Defensiones" and "On the Miners' Sickness." Four Treatises of Theophrastus von Hohnenheim, called Paracelsus. Translated by C. Lilian Temkin et al. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1941, 1996.
Read pp. 1-41 and pp. 43-126; see especially "The Fourth Defense," pp. 24-29; and pp. 124-26.

Paracelsus. "The Herbarius of Paracelsus." Translated with introduction by Bruce T. Moran. Pharmacy in History 35.3 (1993): 99-127.
Read especially pp. 113-118 and pp. 123-24.

Pliny the Elder. Historia naturalis. Translated by H. Rackham. 10 Vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press; London: W. Heinemann, 1938-1963.
Read Vol. 1: pp. 24-25 and pp. 37-41; Vol. 2: pp. 506-537 (Historia naturalis 1 [contents and list of authorities]; and 7.1-10).

Porta, Giambattista della. Natural Magick. Edited by Derek J. de Solla Price. A reproduction of the anonymous English translation of 1658. New York: Basic Books, 1957.
Read pp. 1-25.

Daston, Lorraine, and Katharine Park. Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150-1750. New York: Zone Books, 1998.
Read chapter 4.

Scribner, Bob. "Cosmic Order and Daily Life: Sacred and Secular in Pre-Industrial German Society." Religion and Society in Early Modern Europe 1500-1800. Edited by Kaspar von Greyerz. Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1984, pp. 17-32.

Supplementary Reading:
Paracelsus. "Volumen medicinae paramirum." Translated by Kurt F. Leidecker. Bulletin of the History of Medicine. Supplement No. 11. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1949.

Piccolomini, Aeneus Sylvius. The Commentaries of Pius II. Translated by Florence Alden Gragg. Introduction and notes by Leona C. Gabel. Northampton, MA: Smith College, 1915-1957.

Des Chene, Dennis. Life's Form: Late Aristotelian Conceptions of the Soul. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001

Des Chene, Dennis. Spirits and Clocks: Machine and Organism in Descartes. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000,
Read especially the introduction and the conclusion.

The Renaissance Computer: Knowledge Technology in the First Age of Print. Edited by Neil Rhodes and Jonathan Sawday. London: Routledge, 2000.
Read the papers by Rhodes and Sawday; Marcus; Sawday; Corns; and Rhodes.

Scarry, Elaine. "Donne: 'but yet the body is his booke.' " Literature and the Body. Edited by Elaine Scarry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Walker, D. P. Music, Spirit, and Language in the Renaissance. London: Variorum Reprints, 1985.
Read especially "Medical Spirits in Philosophy and Theology from Ficino to Newton" and "The Astral Body in Renaissance Medicine."

Walker, D. P. Spiritual and Demonic Magic from Ficino to Campanella. London: Warburg Institute, 1958, reprinted University of Notre Dame Press, 1975.
Read especially chapters 1, 2, and 4.

Webster, Charles. From Paracelsus to Newton: Magic and the Making of Modern Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.


Vernacular Epistemologies

Visiting Faculty: Mary Fissell, Associate Professor of the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology, Johns Hopkins University; and Gail Kern Paster, Professor of English, George Washington University

Monday: Vernacular Knowledge and Print Culture
Bacon, Francis. Sylva Sylvarum. Works of Francis Bacon. Edited by James Spedding et al. London, 1876.
Read Vol. II: Century I, Experiments 45-59 (358-65), Experiment 63 (367), Experiments 65-66 (368-69), Experiment 98 (380-82); Century III, Experiment 293 (437-38); Century VII, Experiments 601-607 (528-30); and Century X, Experiment 928 (649), Experiment 960 (660-1).

Lupton, Thomas. A thousand notable things. London: 1601, p. A2r-B3r.

Eamon, William. Science and the Secrets of Nature: Books of Secrets in Medieval and Early Modern Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Read pp. 3-12 and pp. 234-66.

Fissell, Mary. "Imagining Vermin in Early Modern England," History Workshop Journal 47 (1999): 1-29.

Tuesday: The Body and/in The World
Moffett, Thomas. Health's Improvement. London, 1655, pp. 1-11and pp. 29-49.

Paster, Gail Kern. "The Body and Its Passions."

Paster, Gail Kern. "The Clear Spirit Puddled: Physiological Tropes of Passion in Othello"

Schoenfeldt, Michael. Bodies and Selves: Physiology and Inwardness in Spenser, Shakespeare, Herbert, and Milton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Read especially pp. 1-39.

Thursday: Book Exercise
Chartier, Roger. "Culture as Appropriation." Understanding Popular Culture: Europe from the Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century. Berlin: Mouton, 1984, pp. 230-53.

Friday: Female Bodies
Heywood, Thomas. Wise Woman of Hogsdon (1604?). Edited by Michael Leonard. Garland, 1980.

Fissell, Mary. "Making Bodies Speak: Prophets and Midwives." Making Books into Bodies: Women and Popular Medicine in Early-Modern England, forthcoming.

Women's Worlds in Seventeenth-Century England. Edited by Patricia Crawford and Laura Gowing. London: Routledge, 2000, Items 1.7, 1.15, 1.16, 1.20.

Supplementary Reading:
Aristotle's Masterpiece: or The Secrets of Generation. London, 1694.

Bennett, Jim and Scott Mandelbrote. The Garden, the Ark, the Tower, and the Temple: Biblical Metaphors of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe. Oxford: Museum of the History of Science in association with the Bodleian Library, 1998.

Fissell, Mary. "Gender and Generation: Representing Reproduction in Early Modern England," Gender and History 7 (1995): 433-56.

Henry, John. "Doctors and Healers: Popular Culture and the Medical Profession." Science, Culture, and Popular Belief in Renaissance Europe. Edited by Stephen Pumfrey, Paolo L. Rossi, and Maurice Slawinksi. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1991.

Vaughan, William. Naturall and Artificial Directions for Health, deriued from the best philosophers, as well moderne, as auncient. London, 1600.

Carlino, Andrea. Books of the Body: Anatomical Ritual and Renaissance Learning. Translated by John Tedeschi and Anne C. Tedeschi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Ginzburg, Carlo. The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller. Translated by John Tedeschi and Anne C. Tedeschi. Reprint edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Mechanical Arts, Natural Philosophy, and Visual Representation

Visiting Faculty: David Summers, William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of the History of Art, University of Virginia; and Beth L. Holman, Associate Professor, Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture, The Bard Graduate Center

Monday:
Manetti, Antonio di Tuccio. The Life of Brunelleschi. Edited by Howard Saalman. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 1970.

Summers, David. "Pandora's Crown: On Wonder, Imitation and Mechanism in Western Art." Wonders, Marvels and Monsters in Early Modern Culture. Edited by Peter G. Platt. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1999, pp. 45-75.

Tuesday:
The Didascalicon of Hugh of St. Victor: A Medieval Guide to the Arts. Translated by Jerome Taylor. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Summers, David. "Quello che non è sia." Michelangelo and the Language of Art. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981, pp. 41-55.

Wednesday:
Holman, Beth L. "A 'subtle artifice': Giulio Romano's Salt Cellar with Satyrs for Federico II Gonzaga," Quaderni de Palazzo Te (December 2000): 57-67.

Cellini, Benvenuto. The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini. Translated by George Bull. London; New York: Penguin, 1998.
Read the story of the saltcellar: Chapter II, section ii; story of chalice for Clement VII: Chapter I, sections lxi-lxii.

Alberti, Leon Battista. "On Painting." On Painting and On Sculpture. Edited with translations, introduction, and notes by Cecil Grayson. London: Phaidon, 1972. Reprint is also available with introduction by Martin Kemp. London: Penguin, 1991.

Homer. Iliad. Translated by A. T. Murray. The Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Read section on Achilles shield: Book XVIII, lines 540-709.

Ovid. Metamorphoses. Translated by A. D. Melville. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Read opening of Book II.

Thursday:
Da Vinci, Leonardo. The Madrid Codices. Edited by Ladislao Reti. 5 vols. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974.

Serlio, Sebastiano. Sebastiano Serlio on Architecture: Books I-V of Tutte L'Opere d'Architettura et Prospetiva. Translated, with an introduction and commentary, by Vaughan Hart and Peter Hicks. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.
Read front matter, pp. 252-255, and 287.

Vesalius, Andreas. De Humani Corporis Fabrica. Basel, 1555.

Vesalius. On the Fabric of the Human Body. 2 vols. Translated by William Frank Richardson and John B. Carman. San Francisco: Norman Publishing, 1998.
Read Vol. 1: frontispiece, dedication to Charles V; letter to Oporinus (xlvii-lxii), and pp. 1-18 and 370-384 ("How the Bones and Cartilages of the Human Body are Prepared for Study -chapter xxxix)

Gabbey, Alan. "Between Ars and Philosophia Naturalis: Reflections on the Historiography of Early Modern Mechnics." Renaissance and Revolution: Humanists, Scholars, Craftsman, and Natural Philosophers in Early Modern Europe. Edited by J. V. Field and Frank A.J.L. James. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993, pp. 133-145.

Long, Pamela O. "Power, Patronage, and the Authorship of Ars: From Mechanical Know-how to Mechanical Knowledge in the Last Scribal Age," Isis 88 (March 1997): 1-41.

Supplementary Primary Reading:
Colonna, Francesco. Hypnerotomachia Poliphili: The Strife of Love in a Dream. Translated by Joscelyn Godwin. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1999.

Da Vinci, Leonardo. Leonardo Da Vinci on the Human Body: The Anatomical, Physiological, and Embryological Drawings of Leonardo Da Vinci. Translations, emendations, and a biographical introduction by Charles D. O'Malley and J. B. de C. M. Saunders. New York: H. Schuman, 1952.

Da Vinci, Leonardo. Leonardo on Painting: An Anthology of Writings by Leonardo Da Vinci with a Selection of Documents Relating to his Career as an Artist. Edited by Martin Kemp; Translated by Margaret Walker. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Paré, Ambroise. An Explanation of the Fashion and Use of the Three and Fifty Instruments of Chirurgery. Facsimile of the 1631 London edition. New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

Serlio, Sebastiano. Tutte L'Opere d'Architettura. Venice, 1584.

Taccola, Mariano. De Machinis: The Engineering Treatise of 1449. Introduction, Latin texts, and technical commentaries by Gustina Scaglia. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1971.

Supplementary Secondary Reading:
Edgerton, Samuel Y. The Heritage of Giotto's Geometry: Art and Science on the Eve of the Scientific Revolution. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Elkins, James. The Poetics of Perspective. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Kemp, Martin. Leonardo Da Vinci: The Marvelous Works of Nature and Man. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Kemp, Martin. The Science of Art: Optical Themes in Western Art from Brunelleschi to Seurat. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.

Reeves, Eileen A. Painting the Heavens: Art and Science in the Age of Galileo. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.

Rossi, Paolo. Philosophy, Technology, and the Arts in the Early Modern Era. Translated by Salvator Attanasio. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.

Summers, David. The Judgment of Sense: Renaissance Naturalism and the Rise of Aesthetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Disciplining Experience: Cartography and Mathematics

Visiting Faculty: Chandra Mukerji, Professor of Communications, Sociology, and Science Studies, University of California at San Diego; and Jim Bennett, Keeper of the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford

Monday:
Cortés, Martín. Breve compendio de la sphera. Seville, 1551.

La Cosa, Juan de. Spanish World Chart, ca. 1500.

Mukerji, Chandra. Territorial Ambitions and the Gardens of Versailles. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Read chapters 3 and 4.

Harley, J.B. "Silences and Secrecy: The Hidden Agenda of Cartography in Early Modern Europe," Imago Mundi 40 (1988): 57-76.

Turnbull, David. "Tricksters and Cartographers: Maps, Science and the state in the making of a modern scientific knowledge space." Masons, Tricksters and Cartographers: Comparative Studies in the Sociology of Scientific and Indigenous Knowledge. Newark: Gordon & Breach, 2000, pp. 89-130.

Tuesday:
Mukerji, Chandra. "Cartography, Entrepreneurialism, and Power in the Reign of Louis XIV: The Case of the Canal du Midi." Merchants and Marvels: Commerce, Science, and Art in Early Modern Europe. Edited by Pamela H. Smith and Paula Findlen. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Turnbull, David. "Pacific Navigation: An Alternative Scientific Tradition." Masons, Tricksters and Cartographers: Comparative Studies in the Sociology of Scientific & Indigenous Knowledge. Newark: Gordon & Breach, 2000, pp. 131-160.

Alexander, Amir. "Lunar Maps and Coastal Outlines: Thomas Hariot's Mapping of the Moon," Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 29.3 (1998): 345-368.

Latour, Bruno. "Drawing things together." Representation in Scientific Practice. Edited by Michael Lynch and Steve Woolgar. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1990, pp. 19-68.

Wednesday:
Dee, John. Preface, The elements of geometrie of … Euclide. London, 1570.

Gilbert, William. De Magnete. Translated by P. Fleury Mottelay. New York. Dover, 1958.
Read pp. 1-25 and pp. 272-304.

Norman, Robert. The Newe Attractive. London, 1581. Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, 1974. Read prefatory material and pp. 1-26.

Bennett, J. A. "The Mechanics' Philosophy and the Mechanical Philosophy," History of Science 24 (1986): 1-28.

Zilsel, Edgar. "The Origins of William Gilbert's Scientific Method," Journal of the History of Ideas 2 (1941): 1-32.

Henry, John. "Animism and Empiricism: Copernican Physics and the Origins of William Gilbert's Experimental Method," Journal of the History of Ideas 62 (January 2001): 99-119.

Hooke, Robert. Micrographia, or Descriptions of some Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses (1665). Early Science in Oxford. Edited by R. T. Gunther. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1938, Vol. 13: "The Preface"; Observation #1 "Of the point of a sharp small needle," pp. 1-4; and Observation #53 "Of a flea," pp. 210-211.

Hooke, Robert. "An Attempt to Prove the Motion of the Earth" and "Animadversions on the Machina Coelestis of Johannes Hevelius," from The Cutler Lectures of Robert Hooke. Early Science in Oxford. Edited by R. T. Gunther. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1931, Vol. 8: the prefatory material and pp. 1-114.

Thursday:
Instrument Session, The Bern Dibner Collection, Museum of American History.

Borough, William. A Discours of the Variation of the Cumpas, or Magneticall Needle. London, 1581.

Supplementary Reading:
Hood, Thomas. A copie of the speache made by the Mathematicall Lecture. London, 1588.

Blith, Walter. The English Improover, or, A New Survey of Husbandry. London, 1649.

Brotton, Jerry. Trading Territories: Mapping the Early Modern World. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Chandra Mukerji, "Cartography, Entrepreneuralism, and Power in the Reign of Louis XIV: The Cast of the Canal du Midi," Merchants and Marvels: Commerce, Science, and Art in Early Modern Europe. Edited by Pamela H. Smith and Paula Findlen. New York: Routledge, 2002, pp. 248-276.

Schmitt, Charles B. "Experience and Experiment: A Comparison of Zabarella's View with Galileo's in De Motu," Studies in the Renaissance 16 (1969): 80-138.

Ramelli, Agostino. The Various and Ingenious Machines of Agostino Ramelli: A Classic Sixteenth-Century Illustrated Treatise on Technology. Translated and edited by Martha Teach Gnudi and Eugene S. Ferguson. London: Scolar Press, 1976.

Zilsel, Edgar. "The Sociological Roots of Science," American Journal of Sociology 47 (1942): 544-562.

Buisseret, David. Monarchs, Ministers, and Maps: The Emergence of Cartography as a Tool of Government in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Conley, Tom. The Self-Made Map: Cartographic Writing in Ealry Modern France. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

Woodward, David, ed. `. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Objects of Art/Objects of Nature

Visiting Faculty: Paula Findlen, Director of the Science, Technology, and Society Program and Professor of History, Stanford University

Monday:
Cennini, Cennino. The Craftsman's Handbook. "Il Libro dell' Arte." Translated by Daniel V. Thompson, Jr. New York: Dover, 1960.
Read pp. 1-7, 16-20, and 123-131.

Palissy, Bernard. Admirable Discourses. Translated by Aurèle La Rocque. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1957.
Read pp. 188-219.

Dürer, Albrecht. Dürer's Record of Journeys to Venice and the Low Countries. Edited by Roger Fry. New York: Dover, 1995.
Read pp. 31-99.

Montaigne, Michel de. "On Experience." The Complete Essays of Montaigne. Translated by Donald Frame. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1957.
Read pp. 815-857.

Tuesday:
Session in the National Gallery with Dr. Peter Parshall in the exhibit "The Unfinished Print," 1:00 - 3:00 p.m.

Parshall, Peter. "Introduction," The Unfinished Print exhibition catalogue, forthcoming.

Parshall, Peter. "Imago contrafacta: Images and Facts in the Northern Renaissance," Art History 16 (1993): 554-579.

Stone, Richard E. "Antico and the Development of Bronze Casting in Italy at the End of the Quattrocento," Metropolitan Museum Journal 16 (1982): 87-116.

Bewer, Francesca G. "The Sculpture of Adriaen de Vries: A Technical Study." Small Bronzes in the Renaissance. Edited by Debra Pincus. Washington, DC: Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, 2001, pp. 159-193.

Sturman, Shelley, "A group of Giambologna Female Nudes: Analysis and Manufacture." Small Bronzes in the Renaissance. Edited by Debra Pincus. Washington, DC: Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, 2001, pp. 120-141.

Wednesday:
Bacon, Francis. Novum Organum; With Other Parts of The Great Instauration. Translated and edited by Peter Urbach and John Gibson. Chicago: Open Court, 1994.

Bacon, Francis. "The New Atlantis." The Works of Francis Bacon. Collected and edited by James Spedding, Robert Leslie Ellis, and Douglas Denon Heath. 14 vols. London: Longmans & Co., 1857-1874, Vol. 3: pp. 119-166.

Booker, John. A Bloody Irish Almanack, or, Rebellious and Bloody Ireland. . . .London, 1646.

Daston, Lorraine, and Katharine Park. Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150-1750. New York: Zone Books, 1998.
Read especially chapters 6 and 7.

Kemp, Martin. "'Wrought by No Artist's Hand': The Natural, the Artificial, the Exotic, and the Scientific in Some Artifacts from the Renaissance." Reframing the Renaissance: Visual Culture in Europe and Latin America, 1450-1650. Edited by Claire Farago. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995, pp. 177-196.

Thursday:
Session in the National Gallery sculpture collection and conservation lab with Dr. Shelley
Sturman and Dr. Debra Pincus, 3:30 - 5:00 p.m.

Findlen. Paula. "Inventing Nature: Commerce, Art, and Science in the Early Modern Cabinet of Curiosities." Merchants and Marvels. Edited by Pamela H. Smith and Paula Findlen, eds. Merchants and Marvels: Commerce, Science, and Art in Early Modern Europe (New York: Routledge, 2002).

Findlen, Paula. "Jokes of Nature and Jokes of Knowledge: The Playfulness of Scientific Discourse in Early Modern Europe," Renaissance Quarterly 43 (1990): 292-331.

Kaufmann, Thomas Dacosta. "From Mastery of the World to Mastery of Nature: The Kunstkammer, Politics, and Science." The Mastery of Nature: Aspects of Art, Science, and Humanism in the Renaissance. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993, pp. 174-94.

Supplementary Reading:
Cellini, Benvenuto. The treatises of Benvenuto Cellini on goldsmithing and sculpture. Translated by C. R. Ashbee. New York: Dover, 1967.

Cole, Michael, "Cellini's Blood," Art Bulletin 81 (1999): 215-35.

Daston, Lorraine. "The Nature of Nature in Early Modern Europe," Configurations 6 (1998): 149-72.

Dürer, Albrecht. The Painter's Manual: A Manual of Measurement of Lines, Areas, and Solids by Means of Compass and Ruler. Assembled by Albrecht Dürer for the use of All Lovers of Art with Appropriate Illustrations (1525). Translated and with a commentary by Walter L. Strauss. New York: Abaris Books, 1977.

Dürer, Albrecht. Vier Bücher von Menschlicher Proportion, Nürnberg, 1528. Nördlingen: A. Uhl, 1996.

Findlen, Paula. Possessing Nature: Museums, Collecting, and Scientific Culture in Early Modern Italy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Jardine, Lisa and Alan Stewart. Hostage to Fortune: The Troubled Life of Francis Bacon. London: Victor Gollancz, 1998.

The Origins of Museums: The Cabinet of Curiosities in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Europe. Edited by Oliver Impey and Arthur MacGregor. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Pérez-Ramos, Antonio. Francis Bacon's Idea of Science and the Maker's Knowledge Tradition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988.


Experience and Experiment in the Scientific Revolution

Visiting Faculty: Peter Dear, Professor of History and of Science & Technology Studies, Cornell University; and Adrian Johns, Professor of History, University of Chicago

Monday:
Boyle, Robert. "Experiments Physico-Mechanical touching the Spring and Weight of Air." The Works of Robert Boyle. 14 vols. Edited by Michael Hunter and Edward Davis. Brookfield, Vermont: Pickering and Chatto, 1999-2000, Vol. 1, pp. 143-300.

Shapin, Steven and Simon Schaffer. 'Leviathan' and the Air-pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Read chapter 2.

Frank, Robert G., Jr. Harvey and the Oxford Physiologists: Scientific Ideas and Social Interaction. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Read especially pp. 115-163.

Sprat, Thomas. A History of the Royal Society of London. Edited with critical apparatus by Jackson I. Cope and Harold Whitmore Jones. St. Louis: Washington University, 1958.
Read especially pp. 1-71.

Tuesday:
Galilei, Galileo. Sidereus Nuncius, or, the Sidereal Messenger. Edited and translated by Albert van Helden. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Hooke, Robert. The Diary of Robert Hooke, 1672-1680. Edited by Henry Robinson and Walter Adams. London: Taylor & Francis, 1935.

Hooke, Robert. "The Present State of Natural Philosophy" and "Of the True Method of Building a Solid Philosophy, or of a Philosophical Algebra" Posthumous Works . . . containing his Cutlerian Lectures and other discourses. London, 1705, pp. 1-70.

Henry, John. "Robert Hooke, the Incongruous Mechanist." Robert Hooke: New Studies. Edited by Michael Hunter and Simon Schaffer. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989, pp. 149-180.

Iliffe, Rob. "Material Doubts: Hooke, Artisan Culture, and the Exchange of Information in 1670s London," British Journal for the History of Science 28 (1995): 285-318.

Shapin, Steven. "Who was Robert Hooke?" Robert Hooke: New Studies. Edited by Michael Hunter and Simon Schaffer. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989, pp. 253-285.

Wednesday:
Dear, Peter. Discipline & Experience: The Mathematical Way in the Scientific Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
Read especially chapters 1, 6, 7, and 8.

Shapin, Steven and Simon Schaffer. 'Leviathan' and the Air-pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Read chapter 4.

Shapin, Steven. "The House of Experiment in Seventeenth-Century England," Isis 79 (1988): 373-404.

Thursday:
Pascal, Blaise. "A Treatise of the Equilibrium of Liquids." The Physical Treatises of Pascal. New York: Columbia University Press, 1937, pp. 3-26.

Newton, Isaac. The Optical Papers of Isaac Newton. Volume I: Optical Lectures, 1670-1672. Edited by Alan E. Shapiro. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Read especially pp. 81-99.

Newton, Isaac. "New Theory about Light and Colours," Phil. Trans. 6 (1672): 3075-87.

Supplementary Reading:
Dear, Peter. Revolutionizing the Sciences: European Knowledge and its Ambitions 1500-1700. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Johns, Adrian. The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Rogers, John. The Matter of Revolution: Science, Poetry, and Politics in the Age of Milton. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Smith, Pamela H. "Science and Taste: Painting, the Passions, and the New Philosophy in Seventeenth-century Leiden," Isis 90 (1999): 420-461.

Smith, Pamela H. The Business of Alchemy: Science and Culture in the Holy Roman Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

Jardine, Lisa. Ingenious Pursuits: Building the Scientific Revolution. New York: Nan A. Talese, 1999.

Johns, Adrian. The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.