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Nineteenth Century




Percy Hetherington Fitzgerald. The Life of David Garrick. London, 1868

David Garrick’s popularity continued through the nineteenth century.  The Folger has numerous copies of Percy Fitzgerald’s two-volume Garrick biography (1868) that have been Grangerised (interleaved with playbills, prints, portraits, letters, etc. to make them extra-illustrated volumes) by collectors to create impressive tributes to their subject.  A.M. Broadley (1847–1916) was the collector who put together this set, ballooned to seventeen volumes and lionizing Garrick a century after his death.

 

Percy Fitzgerald (1834–1925) was a tireless chronicler of eighteenth-century theater history.  He produced biographies of Garrick, Kitty Clive, Sheridan, Samuel Foote, the Kembles, and later Sir Henry Irving

Another nineteenth-century Garrick phenomenon came in the form of T. W. Robertson’s 1864 play about Garrick’s life, bearing the full title David Garrick: a comedy in three acts (adapted from the French of “Sullivan”, which was founded on a German dramatization of a pretended incident in Garrick's life.  The title role became the signature piece of Charles Wyndham and the play was a sensation in the late nineteenth century.


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  Additional Information

Grangerised refers to any book in which blank leaves are left, or added, for the purpose of enhancing a printed text with illustrated or manuscript material, clippings, etc., of the owner's choice. The term derives from James Granger (1723?-1776), whose five-volume Biographical History of England (1769?-1774) was often expanded this way.

 

The Kemble Family: included some of the greatest performers of the eighteenth, and later the nineteenth century, including John Philip Kemble (1757?-1823), Charles Kemble (1775?-1854), Sarah Siddons (1755-1831), and Frances Anne Kemble (1809?-1893).

 

Thomas William Robertson (1829-1871): author of some sixty-one plays. His romantic (and unhistorical) David Garrick was adapted from his own unpublished novel, itself based on the French drama Sullivan by M. Mélesville (1787-1865).





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