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Nobility and Newcomers in Renaissance Ireland
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The Nine Years' War

The Nine Years’ War (1594–1603) was a watershed conflict in Irish history and a major event in England, costing more than all of Queen Elizabeth’s previous military forays combined. It ruined the career of the dashing second Earl of Essex, the Queen’s final favorite courtier, and it concluded only a few days after Elizabeth’s death in London. Commanding the “rebels” was the wily and supremely capable Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone. The protracted conflict began in Ulster; had its climax at the Battle of Kinsale (1601), at the opposite end of the country; and reached its denouement back in Ulster. It led to the destruction of the Munster Plantation in the south and, after many punishments, pardons, and minor rebellions, the beginning of the Ulster Plantation in the north.

I. E. A letter from a souldier of good place in Ireland, to his friend in London. London, 1602

Thomas Stafford. Pacata Hibernia. London, 1633

Robert Bagot. Letter to Richard Bagot [more than a year dead]. Manuscript, 24 February 1597/8

Miscellany on religion and state affairs, 1559-1601. Manuscript, 1559-1601

Thomas Lee. The discoverye and recoverye of Ireland with the authors apologie. Manuscript, ca. 1600

Shakespeare. The chronicle history of Henry the fift. London, 1608

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