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Nobility and Newcomers in Renaissance Ireland
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James and the Three Kingdoms

The end of the Nine Years’ War ushered in great change to Irish-English relations. Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, surrendered mere days after the death of Elizabeth I, last of the Tudor monarchs. Irish nobles faced a new dynasty, centered around Elizabeth’s successor, James Stuart. King James was the first monarch to unite the crowns of Ireland, England, and Scotland.   He claimed descent from the peoples of all three kingdoms, and he worked hard to maintain peace between and among them. He worked equally hard to make the Irish nobility loyal to him, which he did by giving noble titles to favorites and selling them to loyal servants with deep pockets.

Poem in praise of James I, from The Book of the O’Conor Don

Ben Jonson. The workes of Benjamin Jonson. London, 1616

John Speed. Theatrum imperii Magnæ Britanniæ. London, 1616

Historical extracts. Manuscript, ca. 1625

D. Mytens. Henry Wriothesley, Third Earl of Southampton. Painting, after 1620

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