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Henry VI, Part 3

The English crown changes hands often in Henry VI, Part 3. At first, Richard, Duke of York, is allied with Warwick. York invades the throne-room of Henry VI with Warwick's army, but allows Henry to remain king if he makes York his heir—thus disinheriting Henry's son, Prince Edward.

Infuriated, Henry's queen, Margaret, raises an army. York breaks his oath to Henry and fights for the crown. After Margaret and her supporters kill York, Warwick  proclaims that York's son Edward is king. Edward, now Edward IV, captures Henry. 

Warwick breaks with King Edward and joins with Margaret to raise a French army.  King Edward's brother Clarence joins with Warwick to capture Edward and free King Henry.

Richard, now Duke of Gloucester, rescues his brother, King Edward, who returns, captures King Henry, and leads an army against Warwick. When Clarence abandons Warwick, Warwick is defeated and killed. King Edward captures Margaret and helps to kill her son, Prince Edward. Richard murders King Henry and begins to plot his way to the crown. 

Early printed texts

The textual history of the play we now refer to as Henry VI, Part 3 is (like Part 2) complicated. The play was first published as an octavo in 1595 with the title The true Tragedie of Richard Duke of Yorke, and the death of good King Henrie the Sixt, with the whole contention betweene the two Houses Lancaster and Yorke (O). This text was reprinted as a quarto with the same title in 1600 (Q1). In 1619, the play was printed with the second part under the joint title The Whole Contention betweene the two Famous Houses, Lancaster and Yorke (Q2). The play was included in the 1623 First Folio as The Third Part of Henry the Sixt (F1) in a version that is significantly longer than the earlier texts. Most modern editors, including those of the Folger Editions, base their texts on that of F1.

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Item Title: 
[King Henry VI. Part 2-3] The vvhole contention betvveene the tvvo famous houses, Lancaster and Yorke.
Item Call Number: 
STC 26101 copy 3
Item Creator: 
Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.
Item Date: 
[1619]

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Beginning of 3 Henry VI in the First Folio
Item Title: 
Works. 1623] Mr. William Shakespeares comedies, histories, & tragedies : published according to the true originall copies.
Item Call Number: 
STC 22273 Fo.1 no.68
Item Creator: 
Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.
Item Date: 
1623

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Beginning of 3 Henry VI in the Second Folio
Item Title: 
Mr. VVilliam Shakespeares comedies, histories, and tragedies. : Published according to the true originall copies.
Item Call Number: 
STC 22274 Fo.2 no.07
Item Creator: 
Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.
Item Date: 
1632

Picturing Henry VI, Part 3

As part of an NEH-funded project, the Folger digitized thousands of 18th-, 19th-, and early 20th-century images representing Shakespeare’s plays. Some of these images show actors in character, while others show the plays as if they were real-life events—telling the difference isn't always easy. A selection of images related to 3 Henry VI is shown below, with links to our digital image collection.

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John Hamilton Mortimer drawing of York wiping away his tears (Act 1, scene 4; 18th century)

York wiping away his tears (Act 1, scene 4; 18th century)

Item Title: 
[King Henry VI, pt. 3, portrait of York] [graphic] / [John Hamilton Mortimer].
Item Call Number: 
ART Box M888 no.5 (size L)
Item Creator: 
Mortimer, John Hamilton, 1740-1779, artist.
Item Date: 
[18th century]

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Byam Shaw's illustration of the opening of the play (Act 1, scene 1; 1900)

Byam Shaw's illustration of the opening of the play (Act 1, scene 1; 1900)

Item Title: 
King Henry VI, part 3, a set of seven original drawings [graphic] / [Byam Shaw].
Item Call Number: 
ART Box S534 no.14 part 2 (size S)
Item Creator: 
Shaw, Byam, 1872-1919, artist.
Item Date: 
[ca. 1900]

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Print of Queen Margaret (mid-19th century)

Queen Margaret (mid 19th century)

Item Title: 
Queen Margaret, [character in Shakespeare's] Henry 6th, 3d part [graphic] / J.W. Wright ; B. Eyles.
Item Call Number: 
ART File S528k3c no.52 (size XS)
Item Creator: 
Eyles, B., printmaker.
Item Date: 
[S.l. : s.n., mid-19th century]

More images of 3 Henry VI can be seen in our digital image collection. (Because of how they were cataloged, some images from other plays might appear in the image searches linked here, so always check the sidebar to see if the image is described as part of a larger group.)